随喜功德 | Rejoice in Others’ Merits

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心理学家说:嫉妒是指人们为竞争一定的权益,对相应的幸运者或潜在的幸运者怀有的一种冷漠、贬低、排斥、或者是敌视的心理状态,故一旦放任即可能产生嫉妒心,它让人感受到难过的滋味,严重时,人会产生恨的情感,切记一旦嫉妒心产生一定要将其克服才行。人人都有嫉妒心,佛法甚至认为它是根本烦恼之一,学习如何放下嫉妒心,便是我们每一个人的功课。避免嫉妒是双向的,一方面不要嫉妒别人,另一方面也不要引起别人的嫉妒。方法可以效法〈普贤菩萨行愿品〉十大愿中的第五愿──随喜功德,也就是对于别人所得到的利益、所做的好事,要感同身受的随喜、赞叹;其次,也要将所有荣誉归诸于大众,而不是归功于自己一人。

Psychologists describe jealousy as having indifferent, disparaging, repelling and antagonising feelings for those who are having success or advantage over oneself. When these feelings are let free, jealousy is born. This makes one feels sad or to extremes even feelings of hatred. Feelings of jealousy is something we must curb. Actually all of us have jealousy. In Buddhism, it is listed as one of the fundamental afflictions and in cultivation, we need to learn how to let go of jealousy. Avoiding jealousy is a two-way process. We must not be jealous of others and also not arouse jealousy from others. In fact, we can learn the method from the fifth vow out of ten from [Samantabhadra Boddhisattva’s Great Vows] – rejoice in others’ merits. This means rejoice and praise when others are reaping benefits and doing good deeds. Also credit all merits to the conglomeration of efforts of all people and not to the individual.

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